Minimally Invasive Surgery
Throughout Jefferson Health – Northeast’s Department of Surgery, specialists take advantage of special techniques to reduce the impact of surgery and make the experience of surgery less disruptive. Our surgeons emphasize approaches to common operations that involve smaller incisions, less damage to tissue surrounding the surgical site and shorter hospital stays.
General surgeons in the division’s section on minimally invasive surgery conduct a variety of operations using minimally invasive techniques. The advanced approaches help patients to successful treatment, faster healing, and more rapid return to work, play and daily activities.
What is Minimally Invasive Surgery?
Minimally invasive surgery techniques seek to reduce the amount of trauma associated with surgical operations. This major movement in surgery in recent years has sought to achieve optimal surgical results with as little intrusion to the body and disturbance to the surgical site as possible.
To achieve this goal, surgeons use smaller surgical openings and smaller surgical tools that permit them to minimize the size of the incisions needed for access and that allow them to lessen or remove the need to reach the sites directly by hand. Technology is very important in this surgical strategy and minimally invasive surgery teams (especially in the realm of general surgery) now make extensive use of endoscopes and supporting surgical equipment for this purpose.
Endoscopes used in the abdomen and pelvis are called laparoscopes. With these optical devices, the surgeon can observe surgical targets through very small incisions and can operate on them using thin surgical tools introduced through ports in the same or same type of surgical opening. The surgeon can move, manipulate, cut, resect, remove, cauterize and suture organs and tissue areas without ever placing a finger within the body.
What are the Advantages?
Because minimally invasive surgery causes the least amount of injury to the body while accomplishing surgical objectives, patients recover from it much faster. Hospital stays are often shorter and postoperative care is reduced. Soreness and pain are less, and scarring is minimized or absent.
Patients heal faster – usually with less chance of adhesions, wound infection, or incisional problems, thus reducing the chance of complications. They return to the activities of their normal lives faster, too.
What Types of Operations are Available?
Jefferson Health – Northeast’s Division of General Surgery has helped to lead the way in its community in ordering minimally invasive surgery. Learn about the laparoscopic and other endoscopic options that Jefferson Health – Northeast has made available to its patients in recent years.
Types of Surgeries
Today, surgeons have reduced the invasiveness of almost all types of surgery. Surgical teams can now conduct virtually all types of general surgery procedures endoscopically, for patients who are appropriate candidates.
Jefferson Health - Northeast was one the first to offer a variety of minimally invasive operations in the community, using laparoscopes and other types of endoscopes. The following types of procedures use the minimally invasive approach:
- Adhesion removal
- Adrenal gland removal (adrenalectomy)
- Appendix removal (appendectomy)
- Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery
involving stomach banding or reduction)
- Colon resection (cholectomy)
- Esophageal surgery (including for achalasia)
- Gall bladder removal (cholecystectomy)
- Hernia repair (of all types)
- Hiatal hernia repair
- Kidney removal (nephrectomy)
- Small intestine resection
- Spleen removal (splenectomy)
- Stomach surgery (including for GERD)
- Thyroid and parathyroid removal (thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy)