Radiology has been one of the most rapidly expanding and advancing fields in medicine, and within this discipline, interventional radiology (IR) is the fastest growing area. IR is providing patients with an alternative to open surgical procedures for many conditions and is improving diagnostic information.
Interventional radiologists are special radiologists who have additional training in performing invasive procedures and interpreting results from these procedures. These medical doctors use their knowledge and board certified specialized training in imaging to guide small instruments such as needles or catheters (tiny plastic tubes, often with a diameter about that of a strand of spaghetti) through blood vessels or other routes to treat disease.
Using Catheters to Reach Inside, Radiology to See Inside
This area of radiology has continued to develop treatments for a growing number of target sites, organs and conditions, using minimally invasive, nonsurgical means. Specialists trained in this discipline perform these interventions and access internal areas of the body by inserting their instruments into arteries or other areas of the body and advancing them to locations that require imaging, biopsy, expansion, ablation, blockage, or other steps or interventions. Catheter-based procedures require only a small cut in the skin, usually to access a blood vessel that provides the path to other areas of the body. Needle-based procedures require only a skin puncture.
Our staff offers university-hospital-level capabilities and quality in interventional radiology. Our experienced and well-trained interventional radiologists work with an expert support team of nurses, technologists and other healthcare staff members. They have the advantage of the latest technology and equipment, including three-dimensional (3-D) fluoroscopic imaging units, for the most precise imaging of vascular structures, ducts, and other internal areas of the body. Our advanced radiology suites at Jefferson Health – Northeast are equipped with the most up-do-date technology, including a 64-slice CT scanner, CT fluoroscopy capability, and the availability of MR imaging and PET scanning.
A Major Stride in Treatment Without Incisions
Interventional radiology can address diseases or conditions in almost any area of medicine, from cancer to trauma, from blockages to cosmetic concerns, from vascular conditions to infections. The procedures can spare many patients the hospital stays, general anesthesia, pain, recovery, risks and costs associated with traditional open surgery used to correct the same problems.
Innovation at a steady pace is keeping interventional radiology one of the most dynamic fields in medicine today. IR treatments offered at Jefferson Health – Northeast include:
- Abscess or fluid drainage (including from infected sites)
- Angiography (imaging the blood vessels - arteries and veins)
- Angioplasty (opening narrowed vessels or ducts, including for peripheral vascular disease)
- Bile duct procedures (including biliary stone removal)
- Biopsy and other tissue sampling (including breast and liver biopsy)
- Blood clot treatments (including for deep vein thrombosis and hemodialysis access)
- Chemoembolization (blocking off and treating a tumor)
- Complex venous reconstruction - management of chronic DVT and venous occlusion
- Cryoblation of tumors (including kidney, bone, soft tissue, and lung)
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) management - catheter-directed thrombolysis and thrombectomy
- Embolization (stopping blood supply to an area, including to treat aneurysms, bleeding, male fertility (varicocele), pelvic pain, and other conditions)
- Epidural steroid injection - management of spinal stenosis and back pain
- IVC Filter placement and retrieval
- Kyphoplasty (nonsurgical method for repairing fractured vertebrae)
- Microwave tumor ablation (including liver, kidney, adrenal, bone, and lung)
- Nonvascular catheter or needle placement for infusion (including feeding tubes and intraperitoneal or intrathecal chemotherapy)
- Pain control (including for disk pain)
- Pelvic congestion syndrome - ovarian vein embolization
- Prostate artery embolization (PAE) - for minimally invasive management of BPH
- Pulmonary Embolism (PE) management - catheter-directed thrombolysis and thrombectomy
- Stenting and tube placement to keep vessels, ducts, and tubes open (including vein and artery treatment, urinary-tract treatment, female fertility)
- Traumatic injury care (including for diagnosis and bleeding control)
- Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE)
- Vericocele embolization
- Varicose vein ablation (removing varicose veins)
- Vascular access procedures (intravenous access to central vessels
- Y-90 Radioembolization (SIR-Spheres and TheraSpheres) - treatment for liver cancer, including primary liver cancer, metastic colon cancer, and other liver metastasis