Jefferson Health Northeast

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Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

The Division of Infectious Diseases at Jefferson Health – Northeast provides the latest evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment for all infectious diseases including, skin infections, bone infections, pneumonia, Lyme disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, osteomyelitis and endocarditis. 

What is an Infectious Disease?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),
an infectious disease is caused by one or more of the following:

  • Viruses
  • Bacteria
  • Parasites
  • Fungi

Infectious diseases can range from common illnesses, such as the cold, to potentially deadly illnesses, such as AIDS. Depending on the specific illness and country (some countries with poor community hygiene may still experience waterborne transmission of a disease), an infectious disease can spread in some or all of the following ways:

  • Sexual transmission: transmission of an infection through sexual contact, including intercourse
  • Airborne transmission: transmission of an infection through inhaling airborne droplets of the disease, which may exist in the air as a result of a cough or sneeze from an infected person
  • Blood-borne transmission: transmission of an infection through contact with infected blood, such as when sharing hypodermic needles
  • Direct skin contact: transmission of an infection through contact with the skin of an infected person
  • Insect-borne transmission: transmission of an infection through insects, such as mosquitoes, which draw blood from an infected person and then bite a healthy person
  • Food-borne transmission: transmission of an infection through consuming contaminated food
  • Water-borne transmission: transmission of an infection through contact with contaminated water